More information about Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma is the second most common cancer affecting the skin. Squamous cells are found close to the surface of the outermost layer of the skin. 

Squamous Cell Carcinoma lesions can be found on any part of the body that has been exposed to sunlight over a long period. It is a relatively slow-growing cancer but can potentially migrate to nearby lymph nodes, bones, and tissues of the body if left untreated. Once it has metastasized, it becomes more aggressive, complex, and challenging to treat. 

The primary causes behind the development of SCC is unprotected, long term exposure to the UV rays of the sun or frequent use of tanning beds. 

Symptoms of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

These can include:

  • Dome-shaped skin bumps which can resemble common warts
  • Crusty, scaly, and reddish patches of skin that are prone to bleeding
  • Open sores that do not seem to heal
  • A bleeding lesion with raised margins or edges and a central depression
  • Thick, itchy growths on the skin

The following factors can increase an individual’s risk of developing SCC:

  • A weakened immune system or use of Immune-suppressant drugs
  • Family history of skin cancers
  • Light or fair skin
  • Age over fifty
  • History of skin infections and inflammation, such as those from burns and scars
  • Preexisting conditions such as Xeroderma pigmentosum
  • History of HPV (Human Papillomavirus), HIV or AIDS
  • Exposure to Arsenic

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